Choosing the Right Speargun: A Comprehensive Guide

Choosing the Right Speargun: A Comprehensive Guide


In the world of underwater hunting, or eco-fishing as some call it, having the right speargun can make all the difference. Whether you're a newbie to the scene or an experienced spearfisher, choosing the right speargun is a vital part of the process. But how do you choose the best one? Let's dive in!

Choosing the Right Speargun

Choosing the right speargun isn't just about finding the most expensive or the fanciest looking one. It's about finding a speargun that fits your specific needs and preferences. A speargun that might be perfect for someone else might not be the right one for you.

1. Types of Spearguns

Spearguns come in various types, each with its unique pros and cons.

Pneumatic Spearguns

Pneumatic spearguns use compressed air are known for their compact size and powerful shot. They are ideal for hunting in confined spaces, such as between rocks. However, they require more maintenance and can be challenging to reload underwater.

Band-Powered Spearguns

Also known as slings or rubber-powered spearguns, these are simple, reliable, and easy to maintain. They are perfect for beginners but are less powerful compared to other types.

Rail Spearguns

Railguns are a subtype of band-powered spearguns. They have a rail along the barrel's length, which helps guide the spear for a more accurate shot.

Pipe Spearguns

These are similar to the railgun but do not have the rail. They are lighter but less accurate than a railgun design.

2. Size of Spearguns

The size of your speargun is determined by the type of fishing you're planning to do and the species you're targeting.

Short Spearguns

Short spearguns (50–75 cm) are ideal for confined spaces and shallow waters. They are perfect for targeting smaller species.

Medium Spearguns

Medium spearguns (75–100 cm) are excellent all-rounders. They offer a good balance between manoeuvrability and range, suitable for various fish sizes.

Long Spearguns

Long spearguns (100+ cm) are the choice for blue water hunting and targeting larger species. They offer the most extended range but can be unwieldy in confined spaces.

3. Material of Spearguns

The material your speargun is made from can affect its performance and durability.

Wooden Spearguns

Wooden spearguns are often considered the top-of-the-line choice. They have excellent buoyancy and stability, but they can be expensive and require more maintenance.

Metal Spearguns

Metal spearguns, usually made of aluminium or stainless steel, are robust and affordable. However, they may not be as buoyant as their wooden counterparts.

Carbon Fiber Spearguns

Carbon fibre spearguns are lightweight and extremely durable. They can be pricier, but they offer excellent performance and require minimal maintenance.

4. Types of Spear Shafts

The type of spear shaft you choose can influence your speargun's performance and the species you can hunt.

Single Barb Shafts

Single barb shafts are the simplest and most common type. They are perfect for beginners and are easy to use and remove from the fish.

Double Barb Shafts

Double barb shafts offer a secure hold on the fish but can be challenging to remove. They are ideal for hunting larger species.

Triple Barb Shafts

Triple barb shafts are similar to double barbs but offer even more secure holds. They're best for targeting big and strong fish, although they're more complex to handle and may cause more damage to the catch.

5. Choosing the Right Bands

The bands, or slings, on your speargun, provide the power to propel the spear.

Power Bands

Power bands come in various strengths and lengths, which can be chosen based on the intended use of the speargun. They should be replaced annually or when signs of wear and tear appear.

6. Speargun Reels

Speargun reels are not a must-have, but they can be very beneficial, particularly when hunting larger species.

Plastic Reels

Plastic reels are affordable and lightweight, but they're not as durable as metal reels.

Metal Reels

Metal reels, usually aluminium, are more durable and robust but heavier. They are ideal for experienced divers hunting larger species.

7. Importance of Speargun Safety

Never underestimate the importance of safety when using a speargun.

Always Treat Your Speargun as Loaded

Even if you believe your speargun isn't loaded, always treat it as if it were. Accidental discharges can be lethal.

Never Point Your Speargun at Anything You Don't Intend to Shoot

This is a fundamental rule in any shooting sport, and spearfishing is no different. It's crucial to always be aware of where you're pointing your speargun.

FAQs About Choosing the Right Speargun

Here are some frequently asked questions about choosing the right speargun:

  1. What is the best speargun for beginners?
    Beginners are often recommended to start with a band-powered speargun due to their simplicity and reliability.
  2. Is a longer speargun better?
    Not necessarily. While a longer speargun offers a greater range, it can be more challenging to handle, especially in confined spaces. The best speargun length depends on your hunting environment and the species you're targeting.
  3. Should I get a speargun with a reel?
    A reel isn't essential, especially for beginners. However, if you're planning to hunt larger species, a reel can be very beneficial.
  4. What material should I choose for my speargun?
    The choice of material depends on your budget, maintenance willingness, and specific needs. While wooden spearguns are often considered top-tier, metal and carbon fibre spearguns also have their advantages.
  5. How often should I replace the bands on my speargun?
    Generally, bands should be replaced annually or when signs of wear and tear appear.
  6. Is speargun safety really that important?
    Absolutely! Safety should always be your top priority when spearfishing. Proper handling and maintenance of your speargun are crucial to prevent accidents.


Choosing the right speargun is a crucial step in your spearfishing journey. From understanding the different types of spearguns to knowing the importance of safety, every aspect plays a significant role in ensuring a successful and enjoyable hunting experience. By considering your specific needs and preferences, you'll be well on your way to making an informed decision and finding the perfect speargun for your underwater adventures.